A RIP-based SAR Retracker and its application in North East Atlantic with Sentinel-3

Salvatore Dinardo (HeSPACE, Italy)

CoAuthors

Luciana Fenoglio-Marc (University of Bonn, Germany); Matthias Becker (TU Darmstadt, Germany); Remko Scharroo (EUMETSAT, Germany); Maria Joana Fernandes (University of Porto, Portugal); Joanna Staneva (Helmholz Zentrum Geesthacht , Germany); Jérôme Benveniste (ESA, Italy)

Event: 2019 Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Meeting

Session: Coastal Altimetry

Presentation type: Type Poster

Just as CryoSat-2, Sentinel-3 embarks on board a radar altimeter (SRAL) with the novel Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) mode that enables higher resolution and more accurate altimeter-derived parameters in the coastal zone, thanks to the reduced along-track footprint. Exploiting the SAR data in the recent years, many researchers have already proven that the performance of SAR altimetry with specific coastal retrackers is superior to collocated Pseudo-Low Resolution Mode (PLRM) coastal altimetry algorithms but they also pointed out that residual errors due to land contamination are still present in the very proximity of the land (0-3 km).
The objective of this work is to further improve these results by exploiting extra information provided by SAR altimeters, namely the so-called Range Integrated Power (RIP), the new waveform built by a simple integration of the Doppler beams in the range direction. The RIP characterizes the backscattering state of the ground cell, where to all the Doppler beams are steered.
These developments led to a new retracker, here coined SAMOSA++, in which the RIP, as computed from the L1B-S data, is converted into a surface backscattering profile and directly integrated in the SAMOSA retracker as part of the model formulation itself. In this way, the modified SAMOSA model is automatically and autonomously able to cope with the different return waveform shapes from different surface types: either diffusive or specular. The mean square slope computed from the RIP is also estimated, representing a new output of the retracker.
The performance of the new retracker has been cross-compared against its previous version, SAMOSA+, and with the standard Sentinel-3 marine PDGS (Payload Data Ground Segment) SAR retracker (SAMOSA2) in the coastal zone and in open ocean in order to ensure a seamless transition between these zones.
The new retracker SAMOSA++ has been validated in the region of the North East Atlantic, where appropriate in situ validation data are available. The retrievals from the new retracker have been cross-compared against the network of tide gauges and buoys in the German Bight and versus the output of the GCOAST Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht (HZG) regional circulation and wave model. In addition, sea level estimates derived with different geophysical correction models for ocean tide and wet path delay were compared. Results indicate that in this region the best geophysical correction models are the FES2014b tide model and the GPD+ wet tropospheric correction that incorporates data from the Sentinel-3 on-board radiometer.
Analyses show that both SAMOSA+ and SAMOSA++ ensure the continuity of the PDGS SAR Marine retracker in the open ocean, leading to clear improvements in the coastal zone, larger for SAMOSA++ than SAMOSA+. In summary, the new SAMOSA++retracker retrieves more accurate altimetric parameters in the coastal zone, with a better consistency with respect to regional ocean models and in situ data

 

Poster show times:

Room Start Date End Date
The Gallery Tue, Oct 22 2019,16:15 Tue, Oct 22 2019,18:00
The Gallery Thu, Oct 24 2019,14:00 Thu, Oct 24 2019,15:45
Salvatore Dinardo
HeSPACE
Italy
salvatore.dinardo@eumetsat.int