Unsupervised classification of multi-mission altimetry data for open water detection in the Greenland Sea

Felix Müller (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut der Technischen Universität München, Germany)

CoAuthors

Marcello Passaro (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut der Technischen Universität München, Germany); Christian Schwatke (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut der Technischen Universität München, Germany); Denise Dettmering (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut der Technischen Universität München, Germany); Wolfgang Bosch (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut der Technischen Universität München, Germany)

Event: 2016 Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Meeting

Session: Instrument Processing: Measurement and retracking (SAR and LRM)

Presentation type: Type Poster

Estimating sea surface heights by satellite altimetry in the Greenland Sea is challenging because of rapid changing ice coverage and ocean conditions. To obtain reliable and accurate sea surface heights in this region, it is necessary to identify altimeter echoes reflected by leads or polynyas, small open water areas between the sea ice. Reflections from those areas of smooth water are more or less specular, depending on the fraction of sea ice in the altimeter footprint.
In the present investigation, we analyze reflected altimeter pulses, also called waveforms, from different conventional pulse-limited satellite missions in order to distinguish between open water returns and waveforms contaminated by ice. For this purpose, we implement an unsupervised classification approach that does not need any training data. The classification process is based on a set of parameters derived from the waveforms' shapes, for example the peakiness or the maximum power.
After waveform clustering, the classification is validated by several SAR images near the north-east coast of Greenland with small time lags between altimetry pass and the SAR measurements. Moreover, gridded sea ice motion observation are considered whenever necessary. To allow for a quantitative validation an automated approach for detecting open water in the SAR images has been developed.
The classification results will be used to study variations of sea-ice cover in the arctic ocean. Moreover, it enables reliable sea surface height computations for a variety of applications.
 

Poster show times:

RoomStart DateEnd Date
Grande Halle Thu, Nov 03 2016,11:00 Thu, Nov 03 2016,18:00
Felix Müller
Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut der Technischen Universität München
Germany
felix-lucian.mueller@tum.de